Anna Margareta Schnoor Meyer and our Schnoor family

Anna Schnoor and her sisters

The photo is of Anna Margareta ("Maggie") and her sisters, taken in 1909 (a year after her husband John C.E. Meyer died.) Maggie is at the lower left, Antje Caterina "Kate" who married Henry Mauschbaugh on the right. In the back is the youngest, Fredericka Christina, who was born in Wisconsin and who married William Hoeltke. But we now have one "Mushbaum" connection! Here is another photo of the Mauschbaughs: Kate and Henry MauschbaughKate & Henry in front of their house in Peoria. Click for a larger image. Bette Lou, Anna Margareta Schnoor Meyer's great-granddaughter, remembers Mauschbaughs being friends of her father's (John CE Ernst); must have been some of Henry and Kate's ten children.

Maggie Schnoor Meyer

This is Maggie about 1897. It is interesting that she was called by a nickname for her middle name; I knew it was the German custom for men to be called by their middle name not their first name, but I didn't know it was true for women, too.

obituary

Anna Margareta "Maggie" Schnoor Meyer's obituary from the Princeville Telephone, page 1, April 21, 1932. She died at 86 years, 5 months, 8 days and is buried at Prospect. At the end of her life she lived with her youngest daughter Lottie. Mom remembers Aunt Lottie's house at 327 Frye, but does not remember seeing her great-grandmother there (Mom would have been very young.) She says that they didn't visit much in those years; gas was too expensive and when they went somewhere, they walked. Later, when she was about 11, she had piano lessons with Lottie's neighbor, Mrs. Keach, who she thinks might also be related.

More on the Schnoor family: Anna Margareta came to the US in 1852, when she was seven, with her parents and siblings. They arrived in New Orleans on November 18, 1852, travelling on the Bamberg Bark Copernicus. The Schnoor (or Schnur) family were from "Hulstein" according to her obituary; that would be in what today is the German state of Schleswig-Holstein, the most northern state. They would have spoken "Low German" (Plattdeutsch, similar to what the Amish speak today and related to Dutch-notice their Dutch-sounding names.) Schleswig-Holstein is at the base of Jutland, the penninsula that sticks into the North Sea. The rest of the penninsula is Denmark. Historically, Schleswig and Holstein were independent states or were part of Denmark, but had a large German-speaking population. At the time they left, there was a war between Denmark and Prussia over Schleswig. Holstein was allied with Prussia. The wars were ongoing as Bismark attempted to unify the German states; it was, I'm sure, a good time to leave.

The voyage must have been bad. Disease, especially typhoid, was rampant on those ships. According to family stories, their little daughter Wiebke died on the voyage. They went to Wisconsin, where daughter Fredericka was born, and from there to Peoria.

headstone

Anna Margareta's parents were Johann Heinrich Schnoor (1804-1874) and Therasa Catarina Kuns (1810 - 1895). They were married in 1834. Johann Heinrich Schnoor was suposedly buried in Mt. Hawley Cemetery on Illinois Route 40 in Peoria, but there is no headstone. Anna Margareta's mother Therasa was buried in Fairview Cemetery in Adair County, Iowa.

    Children:
  1. Peter 1835 in Holstein - 06/16/1862 (buried at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, St. Louis, Missouri)
  2. Jurgen Jacob 08/07/1837 in Holstein died 05/20/1905 in Adair County (buried at Fairview), Iowa; married Johanna "Anna" Schaper 10/15/1845-01/08/1931 (also at Fairview. She came from some German state in 1847.) In Medina Township near the Ernsts in 1880; In Harrison Township, Adair County, Iowa, in 1895.
      Children:
    1. Anna born abt 1867
    2. Henry born abt 1869
    3. Charles P. born March 1873
    4. Rosa born abt 1875 m. ? Wessel
    5. Reka "Resie" born abt. 1876
    6. Mary M. born March 1880
    7. Elollie "Lottie" G. born July 1882
    8. Clarrie "Clara" M. born Oct 1887
  3. Claus Heinrich 05/05/1842 in Holstein - 02/07/1886 in Vermillion County, Il; married Johanna Arndt 08/25/1863
  4. Anna Margareta "Maggie" 11/10/1845 in Holstein - 04/18/1932 in Peoria County; married John C. E. Meyer 02/22/1866 (our ancestor, see Meyer and Ernst pages)
  5. Antje Caterina "Kate" 03/24/1848 in Holstein - 11/25/1923 in Peoria County; married Henry Mauschbach/Mauschbaugh (spellings vary) on 02/22/1866. 10 children - need more information:
    • Theressa C Mauschbaugh (1879 - 1940)
    • Anna Margaret Mauschbaugh (1884 - 1964)
    • Henry Jacob Mauschbaugh (1885 - 1974)
  6. Wiebke Caterina 11/09/1850 in Holstein - died at sea, 1852.
  7. Fredericka Christina 03/18/1853 in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin died 02/19/1922 in Peoria County; married William Hoeltke 07/21/1868 (13 children)
    • Her son Walter Holtke (1893 - 1918) married Theresa C. Ernst (1888 - 1964), the daughter of Fredericka's sister Maggie's husband's brother Albert Anthony. Need a chart? Me too.

headstonePeter Schnoor's Civil War stone at Jefferson Barracks; US Army, SGT, 11th Regiment (Missouri), Company A Plot: 27 0 6205, bur. 06/16/1862. Record of Service Card, Civil War, 1861-1865.


How did they get to Wisconsin? According to correspondent Bob Yoh, another Schnoor descendent, Wisconsin was the most publicized state among the north-central states that were promoting their states "for settlement among Germans with funding and support from their state legislatures." "The transcontinental railroads sent agents to ports of departure and arrival to recruit immigrants to take up their land grants or ship their goods through their freight lines."

Another interesting thing he mentions is that "A bestselling book (in Germany) in 1829 about Missouri by Gottfried Duden inspired a tidal wave of emigration." (See the wikipedia article.) Things were pretty rough at that time anyway, as noted above-there was no country of Germany (that was invented later), just a lot of warring states with more or less the same language. And, did you know the potato famine affected Germany, too?

Why did the Schnoors leave Wisconsin and go to Peoria, and when was that?